Etanol Hidratado

O etanol hidratado, depois de um expressivo crescimento nas vendas em 2015, está em queda há dois anos. Em 2017, o recuo situou-se em 6,5%, apesar da redução de 9,5% nos preços Esalq praticados pelos produtores durante o ano. A participação do etanol hidratado no ciclo Otto caiu de 24,5%, em 2016, para 22,8%, em 2017.

Com o fim do benefício fiscal concedido aos produtores de etanol pela Lei 12.853, de 2013, os produtores de etanol (anidro e hidratado) deixaram de ter, a partir de janeiro de 2017, o crédito presumido de R$ 0,12/litro, que vigorou até 31 de dezembro de 2016.

Em 2017 foram publicados os Decretos 9.101 e 9.112, de 20 e 28 de julho, respectivamente, que aumentaram significativamente a incidência do PIS/Cofins no etanol (anidro e hidratado), todos reajustados até o valor máximo permitido pela legislação.

O PIS/Cofins incidente no produtor de etanol (anidro e hidratado) foi reajustado de R$ 0,1200 para R$ 0,1309/litro, e as distribuidoras que não tinham a incidência de PIS/Cofins passaram a ter R$ 0,1109/litro, fazendo com que, a partir de julho, o total do PIS/Cofins do etanol hidratado passasse de R$ 0,1200 para 0,2418/litro – um aumento de 102%.

Maior porcentagem desde 2008

Depois de uma queda no índice de conformidade em 2016, em 2017 houve uma melhora expressiva, de 96,3% para 98,9%, maior porcentagem desde 2008. Destaque para o estado de São Paulo, que corresponde a 56% das vendas de etanol no País e onde o índice atingiu 100%. O Rio de Janeiro também teve uma melhora expressiva, saltando de 91,5% para 99,7% em 2017.

PARTICIPAÇÃO POR SEGMENTO - 2017 (%)

Fonte: ANP

13,6 bilhões de litros

HISTÓRICO DE VENDAS DE ETANOL HIDRATADO

(em bilhões de litros)
Fonte: ANP/FGV

PARTICIPAÇÃO POR DISTRIBUIDORA - 2017 (%)

Fonte: ANP/FGV

13,6 bilhões de litros

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ÍNDICES DE CONFORMIDADE DO ETANOL HIDRATADO (%)

Fonte: ANP

PRODUÇÃO DE AÇÚCAR E ÁLCOOL

Fonte: UNICA

PARIDADE - ETANOL HIDRATADO/GASOLINA C (%)
Fonte: ANP (Preços)
JAN FEV MAR ABR MAI JUN JUL AGO SET OUT NOV DEZ
AC 80% 80% 80% 80% 80% 80% 80% 81% 82% 82% 82% 82%
AL 81% 81% 80% 80% 82% 84% 83% 83% 83% 83% 83% 83%
AM 82% 83% 82% 81% 81% 81% 80% 80% 80% 80% 80% 80%
AP 81% 85% 86% 85% 85% 85% 85% 85% 85% 84% 83% 85%
BA 75% 75% 75% 76% 78% 79% 79% 78% 78% 77% 77% 77%
CE 82% 79% 77% 78% 80% 83% 81% 80% 80% 80% 79% 80%
DF 80% 79% 78% 81% 80% 80% 80% 80% 80% 80% 80% 80%
ES 86% 87% 86% 87% 86% 87% 87% 86% 87% 87% 88% 88%
GO 70% 69% 70% 71% 71% 69% 68% 67% 67% 66% 66% 68%
MA 85% 85% 85% 82% 81% 82% 82% 82% 83% 83% 82% 82%
MG 78% 77% 76% 76% 77% 76% 76% 75% 75% 74% 74% 74%
MS 80% 79% 79% 79% 79% 78% 77% 75% 74% 74% 74% 74%
MT 76% 74% 72% 71% 67% 64% 63% 64% 63% 63% 62% 64%
PA 84% 84% 84% 81% 81% 82% 82% 82% 82% 82% 82% 83%
PB 83% 82% 82% 84% 84% 82% 83% 86% 85% 83% 82% 82%
PE 79% 79% 78% 76% 78% 79% 79% 80% 80% 79% 79% 79%
PI 88% 88% 88% 88% 89% 89% 89% 89% 89% 88% 86% 87%
PR 75% 73% 73% 74% 74% 73% 72% 71% 71% 71% 69% 70%
RJ 80% 79% 79% 79% 79% 79% 78% 77% 77% 77% 77% 77%
RN 82% 82% 82% 82% 82% 82% 83% 84% 83% 83% 83% 82%
RO 82% 82% 82% 82% 82% 82% 82% 82% 82% 81% 80% 80%
RR 90% 89% 89% 89% 89% 89% 89% 89% 89% 89% 89% 89%
RS 86% 87% 88% 88% 88% 88% 87% 87% 87% 86% 86% 86%
SC 88% 88% 87% 88% 88% 88% 88% 87% 88% 88% 87% 87%
SE 83% 83% 83% 83% 84% 83% 83% 84% 84% 84% 84% 84%
SP 71% 69% 70% 71% 70% 68% 67% 67% 67% 67% 67% 69%
TO 73% 75% 76% 75% 75% 75% 75% 75% 75% 74% 74% 74%
JAN FEV MAR ABR MAI JUN JUL AGO SET OUT NOV DEZ
AC 82% 81% 81% 81% 81% 81% 81% 81% 81% 81% 81% 79%
AL 83% 80% 82% 84% 85% 85% 86% 86% 86% 85% 84% 83%
AM 80% 79% 80% 82% 84% 83% 82% 81% 81% 81% 81% 79%
AP 83% 79% 78% 84% 86% 85% 86% 87% 85% 88% 88% 89%
BA 77% 76% 77% 77% 78% 78% 78% 78% 78% 78% 78% 74%
CE 82% 80% 81% 83% 84% 81% 82% 83% 83% 83% 83% 81%
DF 80% 76% 76% 76% 76% 76% 76% 76% 76% 76% 76% 77%
ES 87% 85% 85% 87% 88% 88% 87% 86% 86% 84% 84% 84%
GO 70% 68% 68% 69% 69% 67% 65% 65% 65% 66% 66% 70%
MA 83% 82% 83% 85% 85% 85% 82% 82% 82% 83% 83% 82%
MG 74% 73% 74% 75% 75% 73% 71% 71% 71% 71% 71% 71%
MS 74% 72% 74% 74% 74% 72% 71% 71% 70% 71% 71% 70%
MT 66% 66% 67% 66% 65% 65% 66% 66% 66% 65% 65% 66%
PA 84% 83% 84% 86% 86% 86% 85% 85% 85% 85% 85% 83%
PB 82% 79% 81% 80% 81% 82% 82% 83% 83% 82% 82% 80%
PE 79% 78% 79% 81% 81% 82% 83% 82% 80% 80% 80% 78%
PI 88% 86% 87% 88% 89% 90% 90% 89% 89% 89% 89% 88%
PR 70% 69% 71% 72% 71% 68% 67% 67% 66% 67% 68% 67%
RJ 77% 76% 77% 77% 78% 77% 76% 75% 75% 75% 76% 76%
RN 82% 82% 83% 84% 84% 84% 85% 85% 85% 85% 85% 84%
RO 80% 78% 79% 81% 81% 81% 81% 81% 81% 81% 81% 79%
RR 89% 86% 86% 87% 90% 92% 91% 92% 92% 91% 91% 89%
RS 86% 83% 85% 86% 87% 86% 86% 85% 84% 84% 84% 82%
SC 86% 83% 85% 87% 88% 86% 84% 84% 83% 82% 82% 81%
SE 85% 82% 83% 85% 87% 87% 87% 87% 87% 88% 87% 86%
SP 69% 68% 70% 70% 69% 66% 65% 64% 64% 65% 66% 67%
TO 74% 71% 73% 75% 76% 75% 75% 74% 74% 73% 73% 73%
JAN FEV MAR ABR MAI JUN JUL AGO SET OUT NOV DEZ
AC 78% 79% 79% 80% 85% 86% 87% 86% 86% 86% 86% 85%
AL 82% 82% 84% 85% 86% 85% 86% 85% 85% 85% 83% 82%
AM 79% 80% 81% 82% 83% 82% 80% 80% 80% 80% 79% 78%
AP 89% 90% 89% 96% 96% 97% 97% 97% 97% 98% 95% 93%
BA 75% 75% 75% 79% 81% 80% 80% 79% 80% 80% 79% 78%
CE 80% 81% 81% 82% 85% 83% 83% 83% 83% 83% 81% 81%
DF 77% 77% 80% 84% 81% 79% 79% 79% 79% 79% 78% 78%
ES 85% 85% 85% 88% 88% 89% 88% 87% 86% 87% 86% 86%
GO 70% 70% 71% 72% 71% 69% 67% 69% 67% 67% 68% 67%
MA 82% 82% 82% 85% 86% 86% 86% 86% 87% 87% 85% 84%
MG 72% 73% 76% 77% 76% 75% 74% 73% 73% 73% 72% 72%
MS 70% 71% 72% 74% 74% 71% 71% 71% 71% 70% 69% 69%
MT 67% 69% 71% 72% 71% 71% 66% 62% 62% 65% 64% 66%
PA 83% 84% 85% 86% 87% 87% 88% 87% 87% 87% 86% 85%
PB 79% 80% 80% 80% 81% 81% 81% 81% 80% 80% 79% 78%
PE 79% 79% 80% 81% 82% 82% 83% 82% 82% 83% 82% 81%
PI 88% 88% 89% 90% 92% 92% 92% 92% 92% 92% 89% 88%
PR 68% 69% 72% 72% 71% 69% 69% 69% 68% 68% 67% 68%
RJ 76% 77% 80% 80% 80% 79% 79% 78% 78% 78% 77% 77%
RN 84% 84% 85% 88% 88% 88% 88% 88% 88% 88% 87% 86%
RO 79% 80% 82% 83% 83% 83% 83% 83% 83% 83% 82% 82%
RR 89% 88% 89% 89% 90% 90% 90% 90% 90% 90% 89% 88%
RS 82% 83% 85% 86% 86% 84% 83% 84% 84% 84% 82% 81%
SC 82% 83% 86% 87% 87% 87% 86% 84% 84% 83% 81% 81%
SE 85% 85% 86% 85% 85% 85% 85% 86% 86% 86% 85% 84%
SP 67% 69% 71% 71% 69% 66% 66% 66% 66% 65% 65% 65%
TO 74% 74% 75% 76% 76% 76% 75% 75% 75% 75% 75% 75%
JAN FEV MAR ABR MAI JUN JUL AGO SET OUT NOV DEZ
AC 85% 81% 80% 80% 80% 80% 80% 80% 79% 76% 78% 78%
AL 82% 77% 78% 78% 78% 78% 77% 78% 79% 75% 78% 80%
AM 79% 75% 75% 77% 77% 77% 77% 77% 77% 75% 79% 85%
AP 94% 90% 90% 90% 80% 78% 78% 81% 81% 86% 86% 87%
BA 78% 73% 72% 72% 73% 72% 72% 72% 72% 72% 75% 76%
CE 82% 78% 77% 77% 77% 77% 77% 77% 77% 76% 78% 79%
DF 78% 75% 77% 77% 77% 77% 77% 77% 76% 79% 80% 82%
ES 87% 82% 82% 84% 84% 84% 81% 80% 80% 80% 82% 86%
GO 68% 68% 68% 68% 65% 64% 64% 64% 64% 69% 70% 71%
MA 84% 81% 82% 82% 82% 81% 82% 82% 82% 82% 83% 87%
MG 73% 72% 71% 67% 66% 66% 65% 64% 63% 69% 73% 74%
MS 69% 69% 70% 69% 70% 69% 69% 69% 68% 71% 76% 77%
MT 64% 64% 64% 63% 62% 60% 60% 58% 57% 57% 65% 70%
PA 86% 83% 83% 82% 82% 82% 82% 81% 83% 82% 85% 86%
PB 78% 74% 73% 73% 73% 74% 75% 75% 76% 75% 77% 78%
PE 81% 74% 74% 75% 73% 72% 72% 72% 72% 72% 74% 76%
PI 88% 82% 82% 83% 83% 83% 82% 83% 82% 81% 86% 89%
PR 68% 68% 69% 68% 67% 67% 66% 65% 66% 69% 73% 74%
RJ 78% 77% 76% 76% 76% 75% 75% 75% 74% 77% 81% 83%
RN 85% 80% 79% 79% 80% 80% 80% 80% 80% 78% 79% 81%
RO 82% 77% 77% 77% 77% 77% 76% 76% 77% 75% 76% 79%
RR 89% 85% 83% 85% 85% 85% 85% 85% 86% 83% 85% 92%
RS 82% 79% 80% 81% 79% 77% 77% 76% 75% 79% 85% 88%
SC 82% 78% 79% 81% 81% 80% 78% 78% 77% 78% 82% 86%
SE 84% 78% 77% 77% 77% 78% 78% 79% 81% 76% 78% 81%
SP 66% 67% 66% 65% 64% 63% 62% 61% 62% 68% 72% 73%
TO 75% 74% 74% 74% 75% 75% 74% 74% 75% 73% 77% 80%
JAN FEV MAR ABR MAI JUN JUL AGO SET OUT NOV DEZ
AC 79% 80% 80% 83% 83% 83% 83% 83% 82% 81% 82% 85%
AL 82% 85% 90% 89% 87% 84% 85% 85% 84% 84% 84% 85%
AM 90% 88% 89% 89% 91% 93% 87% 83% 83% 87% 90% 87%
AP 88% 86% 93% 87% 102% 102% 102% 100% 100% 101% 101% 101%
BA 78% 82% 85% 85% 78% 78% 78% 77% 80% 78% 80% 79%
CE 79% 80% 82% 84% 84% 83% 83% 83% 83% 83% 84% 82%
DF 85% 85% 89% 90% 86% 80% 80% 80% 81% 85% 89% 90%
ES 86% 88% 90% 93% 87% 85% 85% 84% 84% 86% 88% 88%
GO 73% 74% 76% 76% 70% 70% 70% 71% 71% 74% 75% 75%
MA 90% 89% 92% 94% 92% 89% 88% 89% 88% 89% 91% 91%
MG 75% 78% 79% 78% 68% 68% 69% 69% 69% 73% 77% 76%
MS 79% 83% 85% 86% 79% 78% 78% 77% 78% 81% 84% 83%
MT 72% 72% 72% 71% 69% 67% 67% 66% 66% 67% 72% 72%
PA 87% 87% 89% 91% 90% 88% 88% 87% 88% 89% 91% 91%
PB 76% 81% 83% 85% 84% 84% 83% 83% 83% 83% 83% 82%
PE 77% 80% 82% 82% 80% 78% 79% 81% 81% 81% 80% 81%
PI 86% 86% 89% 90% 82% 83% 82% 81% 82% 84% 86% 85%
PR 75% 76% 78% 78% 72% 70% 70% 70% 71% 75% 79% 78%
RJ 84% 86% 87% 88% 80% 79% 79% 79% 79% 82% 87% 86%
RN 81% 81% 83% 86% 85% 85% 84% 84% 83% 82% 83% 82%
RO 82% 84% 85% 89% 89% 89% 89% 89% 89% 88% 88% 87%
RR 94% 95% 94% 94% 95% 95% 95% 95% 95% 94% 95% 97%
RS 89% 92% 94% 95% 91% 89% 89% 88% 88% 90% 95% 96%
SC 88% 90% 92% 92% 88% 87% 86% 85% 85% 87% 91% 92%
SE 80% 83% 86% 86% 86% 87% 87% 88% 87% 86% 85% 82%
SP 74% 76% 77% 76% 65% 66% 65% 66% 67% 73% 76% 75%
TO 80% 83% 86% 86% 83% 81% 81% 81% 81% 83% 88% 91%
JAN FEV MAR ABR MAI JUN JUL AGO SET OUT NOV DEZ
AC 86% 86% 86% 87% 87% 88% 89% 83% 81% 80% 77% 75%
AL 86% 84% 84% 85% 84% 84% 85% 83% 81% 82% 79% 78%
AM 89% 89% 92% 85% 87% 91% 89% 85% 78% 81% 82% 85%
AP 100% 104% 105% 106% 106% 105% 105% 105% 105% 105% 96% 85%
BA 81% 82% 83% 84% 81% 81% 79% 77% 76% 76% 76% 76%
CE 83% 83% 84% 86% 83% 85% 84% 82% 82% 83% 83% 82%
DF 90% 91% 94% 93% 94% 92% 92% 84% 78% 80% 79% 79%
ES 91% 93% 94% 93% 91% 90% 89% 86% 84% 84% 84% 85%
GO 77% 75% 74% 74% 73% 71% 71% 70% 67% 68% 70% 66%
MA 93% 94% 94% 95% 94% 94% 94% 90% 88% 88% 88% 87%
MG 77% 77% 75% 73% 73% 71% 70% 69% 68% 68% 69% 70%
MS 85% 86% 86% 85% 84% 84% 84% 83% 82% 81% 79% 78%
MT 72% 72% 71% 69% 67% 63% 62% 63% 61% 61% 59% 59%
PA 92% 93% 93% 93% 92% 92% 91% 87% 86% 86% 85% 84%
PB 82% 82% 82% 83% 83% 84% 84% 83% 81% 82% 81% 78%
PE 84% 85% 85% 81% 81% 82% 84% 79% 78% 80% 76% 75%
PI 87% 88% 88% 86% 86% 87% 86% 83% 80% 81% 79% 79%
PR 80% 80% 78% 76% 76% 75% 74% 72% 71% 71% 72% 73%
RJ 88% 88% 86% 83% 82% 81% 78% 77% 77% 76% 76% 77%
RN 83% 83% 83% 84% 85% 85% 85% 83% 83% 84% 82% 80%
RO 87% 89% 89% 90% 90% 90% 88% 85% 86% 87% 84% 81%
RR 97% 99% 99% 100% 100% 102% 105% 101% 92% 95% 91% 87%
RS 97% 98% 98% 97% 95% 94% 92% 90% 88% 89% 87% 89%
SC 93% 93% 93% 92% 90% 90% 89% 86% 84% 85% 85% 84%
SE 84% 86% 87% 89% 90% 90% 89% 86% 83% 83% 79% 78%
SP 77% 76% 73% 71% 70% 68% 67% 68% 67% 67% 69% 71%
TO 90% 92% 92% 91% 91% 91% 91% 83% 83% 83% 81% 81%